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a) A 2001 Kenya government report states that nearly ½ the population in Kenya   lives below the ‘absolute poverty line;’ an income of less than US$1 a day.

b) 40 percent of the poor in Kenya cannot afford medical services when sick.

c) Over 50 percent of the poor in Kenya do not have access to clean water.

d) The poor in Kenya have lower schooling for their children who are more likely to be malnourished and less likely to be immunized and face higher chances of dying in infancy and childhood.


a) One of the main causes of poverty in Kenya is reported to be HIV/ AIDS. This is because this pandemic has resulted in multiple deaths of productive members of society. Fact sheet

b) HIV/ AIDS carriers are said to be the highest consumers of healthcare.

c) Malnutrition is a major factor in dealing with HIV/AIDS as malnutrition causes early deterioration and the ultimate death of thousands of HIV/AIDS carriers in Kenya.

d) At the rate of 700 Kenyans dying daily due to the HIV/ AIDS pandemic, such deaths have created an overwhelming number of orphans in the society.


a) The 1999 Kenya census put the number of illiterate Kenyans at 4.2 million, 61.1 percent of whom are women.

b) Illiteracy is more widespread among the poor than the non poor. In 1999, the poor had 73.1 percent literacy rate and the non poor had 82.7 percent.

c) The rural poor in Kenya are predominantly subsistence farmers and families who derive the bulk of their income from the informal sector.

d) The poor in Kenya have a much lower enrollment into high school in comparison to the non poor.


a) A third of rural Kenya households are female-headed.

b) 44 percent of female-headed households in Kenya are classified by The World Bank Organization as very poor.

c) In Kenya, rural poor women have the lowest literacy rate (61.5 percent) in comparison to their male counterparts who have a literacy rate of 78.8 percent.

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